Author guidelines

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Journal of NeuroPhilosophy (ISSN 1307-6531, registered  July 04, 2007) is a dedicated to supporting the interdisciplinary exploration of the nature of philosophy and its relation to the nervous system. Neurophilosophy is not just an interdisciplinary field, it is a multidisciplinary field, and therefore multiple minds are needed both to seek answers for overcoming difficult challenges and to construct new philosophical perspectives for the future with the scientific knowledge coming from the studies of neuroscience. The aim of the JNphi is to reveal this path and walking through it. Another important aim of ours is revealing the world of neuroscience to philosophers and the world of philosophy to neuroscientists so that providing a suitable environment to bring the two fields together in the mind. For this reason, we will be welcoming not only interdisciplinary articles, but also the philosophy and neuroscience articles, individually. Both parties will surely have a lot to learn from each other.

Please use the article template here when preparing your article (DOWNLOAD ARTICLE TEMPLATE). Also use it during online submission. The preparation of your article in the form of these formal rules is important for editorial first look/opinion and referee evaluation.

φ Types of contribution

Interdisciplinary discussions are particularly encouraged. Journal of NeuroPhilosophy (JNphi) is accept articles;

φ Opinion and Perspectives
φ Hypothesis and Theory
φ Review Articles
φ Neuroscience for Philosophers
φ Philosophy for Neuroscientist
φ Original and Experimental Articles
φ Commentaries
φ Book Review and Letters.

OPINION and PERSPECTIVES

Opinion and Perspectives should present a personal view on a topic within the scope of the journal. Keywords should be provided by the author(s). These articles may contain topical, historical or biographical information on relevant research, technologies and future research needs. Max 15 pages and 20 references.

HYPOTHESIS and THEORY

In hypothesis and theory articles, more new perspectives, perspectives that extend outside the box, will be especially preferred. A hypothesis is a fresh, unchallenged idea that a scientist proposes prior to conducting research. The purpose of a hypothesis is to provide a tentative explanation for an occurrence, an explanation that scientists can either support or disprove through experimentation. A hypothesis proposes a tentative explanation or prediction. A theory, on the other hand, is a substantiated explanation for an occurrence. Theories rely on tested and verified data, and scientists widely accepted theories to be true, though not unimpeachable. Max 15 pages and 20 references.

REVIEW ARTICLES

Review articles should be complete, critical evaluations of the existing state of knowledge in a particular topic or area within the scope of the journal. Rather than a 'collage' of detailed information with a complete literature survey, a critically selected treatment of the material is desired; unsolved problems and possible developments should also be discussed. The introduction of a review article should primarily introduce the non-specialist to the subject as clearly as possible. A review should conclude with a section entitled 'Summary and outlook' in which the achievements of and new challenges for the subject are outlined succinctly. Length: a review article manuscript should consist of a maximum of 20 pages of text, footnotes, literature citations, tables and legend; there should be no more than 30 references.

NEUROSCIENCE FOR PHILOSOPHERS

They are generally articles that deal with basic neuroscience concepts. These are articles that deal with the basics of neuroscience in simple language for philosophers who will come to this field. Max 15 pages, 20 references.

PHILOSOPHY FOR NEUROSCIENTIST

In general, they are articles that deal with the history and concepts of basic philosophy, philosophy of mind perspectives, ancient ulsolved mind-brain/body problems and concepts in philosophy. The aim is to give new neuroscientists the habit of reading, learning and comprehending philosophy. Philosophy of mind concepts of philosophers in the history of philosophy can also be discussed. Max 15 pages, 20 references. 

ORIGINAL or EXPERIMENTAL ARTICLES

Articles should be comprehensive, fully documented reports of original research. They should be concise but with complete results and conclusions. Authors are encouraged to take advantage of the Web features available (including 3D animations, video and sound). Manuscripts should be divided into the following sections: Title page, Abstract, Introduction, Materials and methods, Results and discussion, Conclusion and outlook, Acknowledgments, Abbreviations list, References.

Article title
The title should clearly and concisely reflect the content of the article. Titles are very important for current awareness and information retrieval and therefore should be carefully constructed for these purposes.

Names and addresses
For multiple-authored articles list the names and affiliations of all the authors, the email address(es), the full postal addresses, using identifiers to link an author with an address where necessary.

Abstract
Articles have an abstract, separate from the text, of up to 600 words and that should not contain any references, numbers, abbreviations, or acronyms unless absolutely necessary. The abstract should give readers concise information about the content of the article. It should not only indicate the general scope of the article but also state the main results obtained and conclusions drawn. When preparing their abstracts, authors should keep in mind that this summary is aimed at an interdisciplinary audience which includes readers outside of their field. The abstract is the most important section of the paper since it will be widely and freely disseminated by scientific indexing systems, and will be read far more often than the whole paper. Great care should therefore be taken to provide an informative abstract which summarizes the main argument of the paper. 

Keywords
All authors are required to provide up to five keywords characterizing the topic of their article. Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 5 keywords, using American spelling and avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.

Introduction
An introduction of up to 800 words should include a statement explaining the motivation for the research and should accurately place the investigations in context with previous or current work in the field.

Experimental section
This section provides a clear, unambiguous description of methods, materials and equipment in sufficient detail to permit reproduction of the work. Please note that communications, which are preliminary reports of original significant research results, should keep experimental details to a minimum.

Results and discussion
These sections should present the results and interpret them in a clear and concise manner.

Conclusion and outlook
This last section should outline succinctly the results, present possible important applications of the work, suggestions for future research studies, and reflections on new challenges for the subject.

References Style

Citation of literature references in the text should be given at the appropriate place by the author's name followed by year in parentheses. Should there be more than two authors, the first author's name should be followed by et al. When there are two or more papers by the same author(s) appearing in the same year these should be distinguished by a, b, c, etc. after the year. All references cited in the text should be listed at the end of the paper on a separate page according to the Harvard system, i.e., arranged in alphabetical order according to the first author followed by the second author, then with all papers with more than two authors being arranged in chronological order.

Every reference cited in the text should appear in the list of references and vice versa. Literature references must be complete, including initials of author(s) cited, title of paper referred to, and title of journal, year, followed by volume and first and last pages of article.

The form of literature references to books should be author, initials, title of book, volume or edition, publisher, city, year and page number(s) referred to. References to authors contributing to multi-author books or to proceedings printed in book form should be similar to those for books.

References samples;

Churchland PM. The rediscovery of light. Journal of Philosophy 1996; 93: 211–228.

Churchland PM. Philosophy at Work. Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Churchland PS. Neurophilosophy: Towards a Unified Understanding of the Mind/Brain. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1986.

Churchland PS. Exploring the causal underpinning of determination, resolve, and will. Neuron 2013; 80: 1337–1338.

Mender D. Post-classical phase transitions and emergence in psychiatry: beyond George Engel's model of psychopathology. NeuroQuantology 2010; 8(1): 29-36.

Tonello L, Cocchi M. The cell membrane: a bridge from psychiatry to quantum consciousness? NeuroQuantology 2010; 8(1):54-60.

Pace-Schott EF and Hobson JA. The neurobiology of sleep: genetics, cellular physiology and subcortical networks. Nature Reviews Neuroscience 2002; 591–600.

Silvanto J, Lavie N and Walsh V. Double dissociation of V1 and V5. MT activity in visual awareness. Cerebral Cortex 2005;15:1736-1741.

Smart JJC. Sensations and brain processes. Philosophical Review 1959;68:141-156.

Supèr H, Spekreijse H and Lamme VAF. Two distinct modes of sensory processing observed in monkey primary visual cortex (V1). Nature Neurosci 2001;4(3):304-310.

Tononi G and Edelman GM. Consciousness and complexity. Science 1998;282:1846–1851.

Tononi G, Srinivasan R, Russell DP and Edelman GM. Investigating neural correlates of conscious perception by frequency-tagged neuromagnetic responses. Proc Nat Acad Sci USA 1998;95:3198-3203.

Tse PU, Martinez-Conde S, Schlegel AA, Macknik SL. Visibility, visual awareness, and visual masking of simple unattended targets are confined to areas in the occipital cortex beyond human V1/V2. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2005;102:17178–17183.

Vanderwolf CH. Are neocortical gamma waves related to consciousness? Brain Res 2000;855: 217-224.

Wilke M, Logothetis NK and Leopold DA. Local field potential reflects perceptual suppression in monkey visual cortex. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2006;103:17507–17512.

Eccles JC. The Neurophysiological Basis of Mind. Oxford University Press, 1952. Book sample

Pitkanen M. Topological Geometrodynamics Inspired Quantum Model of Living Matter. http://www.neuroquantology.com/journal/index.php/nq/article/view/325. Accessed date: December 18, 2012. Web URL sample

Web references
As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.

Mathematics and Symbols
You should take care when writing mathematical articles especially regarding subscripts and superscripts and differentiation between the letter 'l' and the figure one, C and c, S and s, k, K and other similar groups of letters. If your article contains superscripts or subscripts to superscripts or subscripts, take special care to ensure that the positioning of the characters is unambiguous. If special symbols are needed (e.g., Greek characters, accented characters or mathematical symbols) these should be typed using the appropriate TrueType font. Do not use the Symbol facility on the 'Insert' menu as this often results in font conversion problems. Equations must be prepared using Equation Editor or MathType.

Figures and Tables
You may illustrate your text by line diagrams and photographs. The figures should be clear, easy to read and of good quality. We accept maximum 7 figure per manuscript. We will normally use figures as submitted; it is therefore your responsibility to ensure that they are correct. Authors are required to provide a list of captions describing each figure and identifying the symbols used. The use of color in illustrations can enhance the effective presentation of results, and we are pleased to offer free reproduction of color illustrations in the electronic version of Journal of NeuroPhilosophy (JNphi). There is no charge for color reproduction of illustrations in the electronic version of the journal when the use of color is clearly required to further understanding and communication. Our preferred graphics format is PNG. These files can be used directly to give high quality results and file sizes are small in comparison with most bitmap forms.

Proofs

Proofs of articles are usually sent to you for correction by e-mail as an annotated Microsoft word *.doc or *.docx file attachment. When checking your proofs you should take particular care checking mathematics, tables and references. Only essential corrections should be made.

Acknowledgements
All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the ‘Acknowledgements’ section.

Funding
All sources of funding must be disclosed at the end of the main text under a separate heading ‘Funding’. 

Refereeing Process
All contributions that are selected for peer review are sent to two independent reviewers (one reviewer for invited articles). You can track your article situation.

Statement of Informed Consent

Patients have a right to privacy that should not be infringed without informed consent. Identifying information, including patients' names, initials, or hospital numbers, should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, and pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian) gives written informed consent for publication. Informed consent for this purpose requires that a patient who is identifiable be shown the manuscript to be published. Authors should identify Individuals who provide writing assistance and disclose the funding source for this assistance. Identifying details should be omitted if they are not essential. Complete anonymity is difficult to achieve, however, and informed consent should be obtained if there is any doubt. For example, masking the eye region in photographs of patients is inadequate protection of anonymity. If identifying characteristics are altered to protect anonymity, such as in genetic pedigrees, authors should provide assurance that alterations do not distort scientific meaning and editors should so note. When informed consent has been obtained it should be indicated in the published article.

Human and Animal Rights

Depending on the nature of the regarding research, manuscripts submitted for publication in the Journal of NeuroPhilosophy (JNphi) must contain a statement to the effect that the concerning legally binding ethical standards have been met. Authors are required to check if any of the below statements applies to their submitted work and if necessary, to tick the relevant box and sign the form accordingly.

:: Reports of animal experiments must state that the "Principles of Laboratory Animal Care" (NIH publication No. 85-23, revised 1985) were followed. Moreover authors may have to state that specific national laws (e.g., the current version of the German Law on the Protection of Animals) have been observed, too.

Ver.april.10.2022