My way to Non-reductive Neurophilosophy: Georg Northoff
How did I come to non-reductive neurophilosophy?
How did I come to non-reductive neurophilosophy? Let me sketch my biography a little. When I was young, I always wanted to study philosophy, the basic questions of the world, humans and the mind fascinated me – going down to the bottom of things. However, I did not want to study philosophy in isolation from the science. My fascination was and still is on the mind and specifically subjectivity as core feature of the mind. Subjectivity and mind are obviously key topics in philosophy. However, having grown up from the mid/end of the 20th century allowed me to also study the mind empirically and thus to complement philosophy by science. At my time there were no neuroscience programs yet. Hence, the only way to study the brain and its connection to the mind was to go into medicine which I did parallel to my philosophy studies.
Keywords:neuroscience, non-reductive, neurophilosophy, Northoff
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Northoff G. Minding the brain: An introduction of philosophy and neuroscience. Palgrave McMillan, 2014.
Northoff G. Unlocking the brain. Vol I Coding; Vol II: Consciousness. Oxford University Press, Oxford, New York, 2014.
Northoff G. The spontaneous brain: From the mind-body to the world-brain problem. MIT Press, 2018.
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Northoff G, Zilio F. Temporo-spatial Theory of Consciousness (TTC) - Bridging the gap of neuronal activity and phenomenal states. Behav Brain Res 2022; 8: 424:113788. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2022.113788.
Northoff G, Zilio F. From Shorter to Longer Timescales: Converging Integrated Information Theory (IIT) with the Temporo-Spatial Theory of Consciousness (TTC). Entropy, In press, 2022.
Northoff G. Is the self a higher-order or fundamental function of the brain? The "basis model of self-specificity" and its encoding by the brain's spontaneous activity. Cognitive Neuroscience 2016;7(1-4):203-222. https://doi.org/10.1080/17588928.2015.1111868
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Scalabrini A, Huang Z, Mucci C, Perrucci MG, Ferretti A, Fossati A, Romani GL, Northoff G & Ebisch SJH. How spontaneous brain activity and narcissistic features shape social interaction. Scientific Reports 2017; 7:9986. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-10389-9
Wolff A, Di Giovanni DA, Gómez-Pilar J, Nakao T, Huang Z, Longtin A & Northoff G. The temporal signature of self: Temporal measures of resting-state EEG predict self-consciousness. Human Brain Mapping 2019; 40(3): 789-803. https://doi.org/10.1002/hbm.24412
Kolvoort IR, Wainio-Theberge S, Wolff A & Northoff G. Temporal integration as "common currency" of brain and self-scale-free activity in resting-state EEG correlates with temporal delay effects on self-relatedness. Human Brain Mapping. Advance online publication, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1002/hbm.25129
Nakao T, Matsumoto T, Morita M, Shimizu D, Yoshimura S, Northoff G, Morinobu S, Okamoto Y & Yamawaki S. The degree of early life stress predicts decreased medial prefrontal activations and the shift from internally to externally guided decision making: An exploratory NIRS study during resting state and self-oriented task. Front Hum Neurosci 2013; 7:339. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2013.00339
Duncan NW, Hayes DJ, Wiebking C, Tiret B, Pietruska K, Chen DQ, Rainville P, Marjańska M, Ayad O, Doyon J, Hodaie M & Northoff G. Negative childhood experiences alter a prefrontal-insular motor cortical network in healthy adults: A preliminary multimodal rsfMRI-fMRI-MRS-dMRI study. Human Brain Mapping 2019; 36(11): 4622-4637. https://doi.org/10.1002/hbm.22941
Northoff G, Wainio-Theberge S, Evers K. Is temporo-spatial dynamics the "common currency" of brain and mind? In Quest of "Spatiotemporal Neuroscience". Phys Life Rev 2020; 33:34-54. doi: 10.1016/j.plrev.2019.05.002. Epub 2019 May 23.
Northoff G, Wainio-Theberge S, Evers K. Spatio-temporal neuroscience - what is it and why we need it. Phys Life Rev 2020; 33:78-87. doi: 10.1016/j.plrev.2020.06.005. Epub 2020 Jul 10.
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